Comparative Analysis of Multiplicative and Additive Noise Based Automated Regularizations in Non-Linear Diffusion Image Reconstruction

Authors

  • Chiza M. Christophe University of Dar es Salaam
  • Bua Anthony University of Dar es Salaam
  • Goodluck Kapyela University of Dar es Salaam
  • Abdi T. Abdalla University of Dar es Salaam https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6333-410X

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52339/tjet.v39i2.699

Keywords:

Additive Noise, Image Processing, Multiplicative Noise, Non-Linear Diffusion, Regularization

Abstract

Multiplicative and additive noises are often introduced in image signals during the image acquisition process and result into degradation of image features. The work done by Perona and Malik in 1990 and its modified versions revolutionized the way through which noises or speckles are removed. The Perona-Malik model requires tuning of the regularization parameter to control and prevent staircase artifacts in restored images. The current manual tuning is a challenging and time consuming practice when a long queue of images is registered for processing. Attempt to automate the regularization parameter appeared in Perona-Malik model with self-adjusting shape-defining constant. Although both multiplicative and additive noise based automated regularizations were presented, the paper stayed silent on matters concerning the automation method that fits with speckle reduction. This paper therefore, presents a comparative analysis of additive and multiplicative noise based automated regularizations. Simulation results and paired samples T-tests reveal that the multiplicative noise based automation outperforms the additive noise based automation for small speckle variances. However, the two automation methods do not significantly differ when large speckle variances are assumed.

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Author Biographies

Chiza M. Christophe, University of Dar es Salaam

Department of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering

Bua Anthony, University of Dar es Salaam

Department of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering

Goodluck Kapyela, University of Dar es Salaam

Department of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering

Abdi T. Abdalla, University of Dar es Salaam

Department of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering

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Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Christophe, C., Anthony, B., Kapyela, G., & Abdalla, A. (2020). Comparative Analysis of Multiplicative and Additive Noise Based Automated Regularizations in Non-Linear Diffusion Image Reconstruction. Tanzania Journal of Engineering and Technology, 39(2), 116-126. https://doi.org/10.52339/tjet.v39i2.699
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